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I Love You (1944)

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Origin and Chart Information
“More than any other prior performance, however, it is John Coltrane’s 1957 trio version that brought the tune jazz standard status.”

- Chris Tyle

Rank 119
Words and Music Cole Porter

In his book Cole Porter: A Biography, Charles Schwartz tells the story of how “I Love You,” introduced in the 1944 Broadway show Mexican Hayride, was written by Porter on a bet with actor Monty Woolley. “While Mexican Hayride was still in its formative stage, Woolley had challenged Cole to write a hit number titled ‘I Love You,’ in which that banal phrase would be repeated again and again. Woolley felt that even Cole’s gift with words and music would not be enough to surmount such a handicap and backed up that opinion with a small wager. Rising to the challenge (and at this point, Cole may have needed Woolley’s goading to bring out the best in him), Cole came up with a languid refrain whose lyrics begin:

‘I love you,’
Hums the April breeze.
‘I love you,’
Echo the hills.
‘I love you,’
The golden dawn agrees
As once more she sees daffodils.

As sung by big-voiced Wilbur Evans in the show, ‘I Love You’ quickly caught on, enabling Cole to win the wager while adding still another number--the only one in Mexican Hayride to become popular--to his long list of hit songs.”

 

More on Cole Porter at JazzBiographies.com
 

Peter Gammond, author of The Oxford Companion to Popular Music, praised the song for its “...unusual degree of intimacy between the [music and lyrics].” In addition to placing first three times on the popular radio show Your Hit Parade, the song charted several times:

  • Bing Crosby (1944, 18 weeks, remaining in first place for five weeks)
  • Ernie Madriguera and His Orchestra (1944, three weeks, topping at #7)
  • Jo Stafford (1944, with the Paul Weston Orchestra, six weeks, topping at #8)
  • Perry Como (1944, three weeks, topping at #12)
 

Chart information used by permission from
Joel Whitburn's Pop Memories 1890-1954
 

Despite some harsh criticism of the show, the public succumbed to its gaiety, and it ran for 481 performances. It starred comic Bobby Clark as a numbers racketeer who flees to Mexico, Wilbur Evans as a “charge d’affaires,” and June Havoc as a lady bullfighter to whom Evans sings “I Love You.”

Melodically and harmonically “I Love You” has continued to interest jazz instrumentalists such as French horn player Tom Varner, bassists Red Mitchell and David Friesen, saxophonists Anthony Braxton and John Coltrane, pianist George Cables, drummer Art Blakey, and vibist Milt Jackson. Pianist Marian McPartland performed it on her 85th birthday celebration album in 2005.

The song appears to have been overlooked by contemporary singers. Although it has a long, beautiful verse, the melody is not a particularly easy one. Earlier vocalists such as Helen Merrill, Anita O’Day, Billy Eckstine, and Irene Kral performed it. Opera singer Jessye Norman recorded it in 1984, and jazz vocalist Jay Clayton included it in her 1995 album with pianist Fred Hersch, Beautiful Love.

More information on this tune...

Randy Halberstadt (Author)
Metaphors for the Musician: Perspectives from a Jazz Pianist
Sheer Music Co
Spiral-bound


(Pianist/educator Halberstadt offers a musical analysis in his educational book.)
See the Reading and Research panel below for more references.

- Sandra Burlingame

Music and Lyrics Analysis

Musical analysis of “I Love You”

Original KeyF major; abrupt shift to A major in mm. 13-16
FormA1 - A2 - B - A3. Cole Porter’s original has a six-measure extension in the second ending, but this is not usually played today.
TonalityPrimarily major
MovementMany wide leaps (6ths and 7ths) during “A” sections; “B” is primarily stepwise. Some chromatic embellishment.

Comments     (assumed background)

This song opens with an interval of a downward major 7th, followed by an ascending major sixth, and covers the range of a tenth, presenting a real challenge even for the experienced singer. For the same reason, instrumentalists find this tune a great opportunity to display range and virtuosity, especially with its surprising harmonic sequences.

Although mm. 1-12 bear some resemblance to another Porter tune, “I’ve Got You Under My Skin” (a iv chord is substituted for the ii7), there is a sudden shift in tonality at m. 13. While returning to the original tonality in m. 17, the harmonic progression-while orthodox-is unusual and unsettled (a similar progression can be heard in the opening strain of “I Should Care”).

K. J. McElrath - Musicologist for JazzStandards.com

Check out K. J. McElrath’s book of Jazz Standards Guide Tone Lines at his web site (www.bardicle.com).
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Reading and Research
Additional information for "I Love You" may be found in:

Thomas S. Hischak
The American Musical Theatre Song Encyclopedia
Greenwood Press
Hardcover: 568 pages


(1 paragraph including the following types of information: summary.)

Charles Schwartz
Cole Porter: A Biography
Da Capo Press; 1st Pbk edition
Paperback: 365 pages


(1 paragraph including the following types of information: anecdotal and lyric analysis.)

Robert Kimball, Brendan Gill
Cole: A Biographical Essay
Overlook Press
Hardcover: 283 pages


(Includes the following types of information: song lyrics.)

Randy Halberstadt (Author)
Metaphors for the Musician: Perspectives from a Jazz Pianist
Sheer Music Co
Spiral-bound


(2 paragraphs including the following types of information: music analysis.)
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Music & Lyrics Analysis
Musician's Comments
Reading & Research

Jazz History Notes
Getting Started
CD Recommendations
Listen and Compare
By the Same Writers...

Jazz History Notes

Violinist Stephane Grappelli and guitarist Django Reinhardt had a musical partnership that endured despite their different personalities. On a 1947 session they recorded a bouncy version of “I Love You” which captures both men at their creative best.

More than any other prior performance, however, it is John Coltrane’s 1957 trio version that brought the tune jazz standard status. His trio, with a rhythm section minus piano or guitar, Coltrane’s group has a full sound, and his playing is marvelous.

Chris Tyle - Jazz Musician and Historian


Django Reinhardt/Stephane Grappelli
Django Reinhardt and Stephane Grappelli
GNP Crescendo 9053

John Coltrane
Lush Life
Original Jazz Classics 131
Original recording, 1958, Prestige Records
iTunes
Getting Started
This section suggests definitive or otherwise significant recordings that will help jazz students get acquainted with “I Love You.” These recordings have been selected from the Jazz History and CD Recommendations sections.

The song “I Love You” really hit its stride as a jazz vehicle in the 1950s. Bill Evans’ first recording of the song (New Jazz Conceptions) and John Coltrane’s powerhouse performance from 1957 (Lush Life) are both presented in a trio format and are both widely influential. Anita O’Day’s 1959 recording (Anita O’Day Swings Cole Porter with Billy May), meanwhile, offers a fine blueprint for how a vocalist can navigate this challenging melody.

Noah Baerman - Jazz Pianist and Educator

CD Recommendations for This Tune
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Bill Evans
New Jazz Conceptions (20 Bit Master)
Riverside
Original recording 1956

This session with bassist Teddy Kotick and drummer Paul Motion was Evans’ first as a bandleader. His driving yet introspective style is in full bloom already on this version of “I Love You,” a tune he would record many times over the ensuing twenty-plus years.

iTunes
Art Farmer
Modern Art
Blue Note Records
Original recording 1958

This performance features powerhouse solos by Farmer on trumpet and his frequent collaborator Benny Golson on tenor saxophone, as well as a long section in which they trade solo passages with one another. Bill Evans anchors the rhythm section and takes an excellent solo of his own.

iTunes
Anita O'Day
Anita O'Day Swings Cole Porter with Billy May
Polygram Records
Original recording 1959

Accompanied by Billy May’s brash large ensemble, vocalist O’Day handles “I Love You” with effortless dexterity and swing.

iTunes
Art Pepper
Intensity
Ojc
Original recording 1960

This searingly intense performance by saxophonist Pepper is from his last studio recording session before a long hiatus. Underrated pianist Dolo Coker shines as well.

iTunes

- Noah Baerman

Keith Jarrett Trio
The Out-of-Towners
2004 ECM Records 300102
Original recording 2004
Here is another great live performance from Jarrett and Co. The pianist swings this one elegantly while still managing to throw some improvisational curveballs into the mix.
iTunes
Kenny Dorham Quintet
Kenny Dorham Quintet
1993 Original Jazz Classics 113
Original recording 1953
Bright, crisp, lyrical play from trumpeter Dorham, complementary support from saxophonist Jimmy Heath, and a rhythm section unafraid to switch things up make for a dynamic and engaging rendition.
iTunes
Eliane Elias
Everything I Love
2000 Blue Note 20827
Original recording 2000
In a sensational, up tempo reading of the Porter song, pianist Elias exudes strength and confidence, delivering a straight-up reading adorned with mischievous asides.
iTunes
Jay Clayton/Fred Hersch
Beautiful Love
1995 Sunnyside 1066

Clayton’s clear, sweet voice strikes just the right note of innocence as she delivers the verse for this loveliest of love songs. She and pianist Hersch make beautiful music together.
iTunes

- Ben Maycock

Written by the Same Composer(s)...
This section shows the jazz standards written by the same writing team.

Cole Porter

Year Rank Title
1930 8 What Is This Thing Called Love?
1930 30 Love for Sale
1932 33 Night and Day
1935 74 Just One of Those Things
1944 119 I Love You
1936 122 Easy to Love
1934 139 I Get a Kick Out of You
1936 160 I've Got You Under My Skin
1942 188 You'd Be So Nice to Come Home To
1937 209 In the Still of the Night
1944 220 Ev'ry Time We Say Goodbye
1935 247 Begin the Beguine
1953 279 It's All Right with Me
1939 290 I Concentrate on You
1954 356 All of You
1950 390 From This Moment On
1938 410 Get Out of Town
1948 443 So in Love (Am I)
1934 509 All Through the Night
1953 553 I Love Paris
1938 584 My Heart Belongs to Daddy
1929 734 You Do Something to Me
1934 754 Anything Goes
1941 773 Ev'rything I Love
1928 797 Let's Do It (Let's Fall in Love)
1937 909 At Long Last Love
1941 910 Dream Dancing
1937 939 Rosalie
1934 940 You're the Top

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