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It Might As Well Be Spring (1945)

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Origin and Chart Information
“...Richard Rodgers says that he wrote the number at a bright tempo, but the film’s musical director wanted it performed as a slow ballad.”

- Sandra Burlingame

Rank 114
Music Richard Rodgers
Lyrics Oscar Hammerstein II

The 1945 movie State Fair was the only original film score written by composer Richard Rodgers and lyricist Oscar Hammerstein II. Their other films were adapted from stage plays. “It Might As Well Be Spring,” sung in the film by Dick Haymes and dubbed for Jeanne Crain by Louann Hogan, won the Best Song Oscar that year. Other memorable songs in the movie include “That’s for Me” and “It’s a Grand Night for Singing.” The 1945 movie was a remake of a 1933 non-musical film starring Will Rogers and Janet Gaynor. In 1962, two years after Hammerstein’s death, the film was remade with Pat Boone, Bobby Darin, Pamela Tiffin, and Ann-Margaret with additional songs and lyrics by Rodgers.


More on Oscar Hammerstein II at JazzBiographies.com

More on Richard Rodgers at JazzBiographies.com

The song was featured on the radio show Your Hit Parade 14 times, three times in first place, and it charted three times:


Chart information used by permission from
Joel Whitburn's Pop Memories 1890-1954

In his autobiography Musical Stages, Richard Rodgers says that he wrote the number at a bright tempo, but the film’s musical director wanted it performed as a slow ballad. The studio promised to reshoot the scene if the ballad tempo didn’t work. It did, and the songwriters were overruled.

Unlike Lorenz Hart, who wrote lyrics to fits Rodgers’ music, Hammerstein wrote the lyrics first and Rodgers set them to music. Rodgers explains how he composed music to amplify the meaning of the words. “The first lines are: ‘I’m as restless as a willow in a wind storm,/I’m as jumpy as a puppet on a string.’ Taking its cue directly from these words, the music itself is appropriately restless and jumpy. Moreover, since the song is sung by a young girl who can’t quite understand why she feels the way she does, I deliberately ended the phrase on the uncertain sound of the F natural (on the word ‘string’) rather than on the more positive F sharp.”

William Zinsser, in Easy to Remember: The Great American Songwriters and Their Songs, says “Hammerstein’s lilting lyric for ‘It Might as Well Be Spring’...led Rodgers by the hand to one of his most delicate melodies.” In his book Can’t Help Singin’ Gerald Mast sums up the perfect blend of words and music in the song, referring to the songwriters’ teamwork as “musical-verbal onomatopoeia.” “The meanings and sounds of Hammerstein’s words are inseparable from the sounds and feelings of Rodgers’ music.”

In Reading Lyrics, editors Robert Gottlieb and Robert Kimball say of the lyricist, “Hammerstein’s simple and sincere lyrics, carefully wrought, if at times edging toward corniness, reflected the late-war and post-war mood of America and have kept their power over us....”

The verse sets the restless mood of the song: “The things I used to like I don’t like anymore” and “I sit around and mope.’” Brother and sister, played by Haymes and Crain, are preparing to attend the annual fair with the family. Neither is looking forward to the trip and both are wishing for more excitement in their lives. They equate the mood to spring fever: “I’d say that I had Spring fever, But I know it isn’t Spring.” Happily both of them fall in love at the fair.

In her book Hollywood Sings!: An Inside Look at Sixty Years of Academy Award-Nominated Songs, Susan Sackett relates a story about the song’s title. “Hammerstein thought that the heroine...should be in a spring-feverish mood, but state fairs are held in summer or fall, not spring. After mulling it over, he asked Rodgers’ opinion, complaining to his partner, ‘It might as well be spring,’ since that’s how she was feeling. ‘That’s it!’ shouted the composer.”

Not only has the song been sung by such luminaries as Frank Sinatra, Ella Fitzgerald, Nina Simone, and Mel Torme, it has captured the interest of young vocalists Stacey Kent and Karrin Allyson, who lends it an unusual samba beat on her CD I Didn’t Know About You. The song is also popular with instrumentalists such as guitarist Mark Elf and guitarist/vocalist John Pizzarelli; pianists Brad Mehldau and Jacky Terrasson; organist Richard “Groove” Holmes; trumpeter Donald Byrd; and bassist Jay Leonhart. Saxophonists Frank Morgan and Ike Quebec titled albums after the song.

More information on this tune...

Susan Sackett
Hollywood Sings!: An Inside Look at Sixty Years of Academy Award-Nominated Songs
Pub Overstock Unlimited Inc
Paperback: 332 pages

(Sackett tells anecdotes and relates the history of the song.)
See the Reading and Research panel below for more references.

- Sandra Burlingame

Music and Lyrics Analysis

Musical analysis of “It Might As Well Be Spring”

Original KeyC major; false key changes to F major and D minor during “B”
FormA1 - A2 - B - A3 with a sixteen-measure extension
TonalityPrimarily major; brief minor tonality in mm. 9-16 of “B”
MovementGenerally stepwise and chromatic with some skips of a 3rd and some wide, arpeggiated leaps in mm. 5-6 of the “A” sections.

Comments     (assumed background)

A lyrical, relaxed melody with a range of only one octave. Altered tones and chromaticism add sophistication to the tune as well as opportunities to experiment with harmonic substitutions. Except for the sudden leaping intervals in mm. 4-5 of “A” (which actually make for interesting contrast to the rest of the melody), novice vocalists would have little trouble mastering this piece. In the original key, it is probably more suitable for higher voices (soprano and tenor).
K. J. McElrath - Musicologist for JazzStandards.com

Check out K. J. McElrath’s book of Jazz Standards Guide Tone Lines at his web site (www.bardicle.com).
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Reading and Research
Additional information for "It Might As Well Be Spring" may be found in:

Alec Wilder
American Popular Song: The Great Innovators, 1900-1950
Oxford University Press; Reprint edition
Hardcover: 576 pages

(2 paragraphs including the following types of information: music analysis.)

Thomas S. Hischak
The American Musical Film Song Encyclopedia
Greenwood Press
Hardcover: 536 pages

(1 paragraph including the following types of information: summary, lyric analysis and music analysis.)

Susan Sackett
Hollywood Sings!: An Inside Look at Sixty Years of Academy Award-Nominated Songs
Pub Overstock Unlimited Inc
Paperback: 332 pages

(7 paragraphs including the following types of information: anecdotal and history.)

Robert Gottlieb, Robert Kimball
Reading Lyrics
Hardcover: 736 pages

(Includes the following types of information: song lyrics.)

Gerald Mast
Can't Help Singin'
Overlook Press; Rei edition
Paperback: 400 pages

(1 paragraph including the following types of information: lyric analysis and music analysis.)

Richard Rodgers, Mary Rodgers
Musical Stages: An Autobiography
Da Capo Press
Paperback: 384 pages

(The composer tells anecdotes and relates the history of the song.)
Also on This Page...

Music & Lyrics Analysis
Musician's Comments
Reading & Research

Jazz History Notes
Getting Started
CD Recommendations
Listen and Compare
By the Same Writers...

Jazz History Notes

It’s a golden study opportunity when an artist records a song at different career stages. Vocalist Sarah Vaughan recorded “It Might as Well Be Spring” in 1946 with the band of bassist John Kirby and then again in 1950 on an all-star session that included trumpeter Miles Davis. There’s an adolescent sound to her delivery in 1946 that is replaced with stunning clarity by 1950. Miles provides sensitive accompaniment.

Trombonist Bill Harris, a member of the Woody Herman ensemble in the ‘40s and ‘50s, had a highly personal sound, as unusual then as it now, in a time when too many jazz musicians cultivated a bland, homogeneous sound. On his own record date for Verve in 1957, he blew a sensitive, spacey, six-and-a-half minute feature on “It Might as Well Be Spring.”

Chris Tyle - Jazz Musician and Historian

Sarah Vaughan
Young Sassy
Proper Box (England) 1027

Bill Harris
Bill Harris and Friends
Original Jazz Classics OJC-083

Getting Started
This section suggests definitive or otherwise significant recordings that will help jazz students get acquainted with “It Might As Well Be Spring.” These recordings have been selected from the Jazz History and CD Recommendations sections.

Sarah Vaughan’s sings wonderfully on her 1950 recording of “It Might As Well Be Spring” is (Sarah Vaughan In Hi-Fi) and is aided by the brilliant trumpet work of Miles Davis. Bill Evans’ trio rendition (Moon Beams) offers comparable lyricism without the vocals. Stan Getz’s Latin version with Astrud Gilberto (Getz Au Go Go), meanwhile, is a great example of how this tune can be taken beyond the ballad realm.

Noah Baerman - Jazz Pianist and Educator

CD Recommendations for This Tune
Click on any CD for more details at Amazon.com
Kenny Dorham, Cannonball Adderley
Blue Spring
Original Recording 1959

Trumpet virtuoso Dorham delivers a slyly swinging performance here, aided by a diverse cast of soloists including alto saxophonist Cannonball Adderley, pianist Cedar Walton and David Amram on French horn.

Ella Fitzgerald
Ella in Hollywood
Original Recording 1961

In this live performance, Ella delivers “It Might As Well Be Spring” tenderly in an intimate small-group setting.

Bill Evans Trio
Moon Beams
Original recording 1962

Evans delivers a characteristically lyrical, searching ballad performance here, aided by the sensitive drumming of longtime collaborator Paul Motian.

Stan Getz with Astrud Gilberto
Getz Au Go Go
Polygram Records
Original Recording 1964

Having already recorded “It Might As Well Be Spring” in a more traditional ballad format in 1951, saxophonist Getz re-invents the song here with a Brazilian lilt, featuring the vocals of Astrud Gilberto and the lush vibraphone comping of a young Gary Burton.


- Noah Baerman

Brad Mehldau
Progression: Art of the Trio Vol. 5
2001 Warner Bros 48005
Original recording 2001
High improvisation and a 7/4 time signature make this reading both intriguing and challenging for the listener. Pianist Mehldau meticulously sifts through the ballad, extracting nuggets and casting aside the fool’s gold.
Joshua Redman
Timeless Tales for Changing Times
1998 Warner Bros 47052
Original recording 1998
In a snappy reading from Redman, the saxophonist breathes fresh life into the song, accelerating the tempo and applying a layer of pure bop polish to the chassis.
Jacky Terrasson/Cassandra Wilson
1997 Blue Note 55484
Original recording 1997
No surprise here that both pianist Terrasson and vocalist Wilson are engaged in a highly original interpretation of the song that plays with both style and tempo. It comes off as moody, atmospheric and deliciously dark.
Monty Alexander, Ray Brown, Herb Ellis
Triple Scoop
2002 Concord Records
Original Recording 1987
Piano, bass, and guitar all have a turn at carrying the melody on this joyful rendition of the song. This 2-disc set is a compilation of three LP’s by the trio, two of which feature Johnny Frigo on violin.

- Ben Maycock

Written by the Same Composer(s)...
This section shows the jazz standards written by the same writing team.

Oscar Hammerstein II and Richard Rodgers

Year Rank Title
1945 114 It Might As Well Be Spring
1959 333 My Favorite Things
1943 399 The Surrey with the Fringe on Top
1945 788 If I Loved You
1943 806 People Will Say We're in Love
1951 928 Hello Young Lovers

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